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Gynae issue – Vaginal Water discharge Everything you need to know

Gynae issue - Vaginal Water discharge Everything you need to know

Vaginal water discharge is a clear substance produced by the cervix. It keeps the vaginal passage moist and free from bacteria. It is clear, white and odourless. It is produced by the glands inside the cervix (neck of the womb)
Periodic variations are seen in the vaginal discharge, which is normal. There can be a change in the consistency. Near ovulation, vaginal discharge becomes thicker in consistency.

What is abnormal Vaginal Water discharge?

Some changes occur in vaginal discharge due to infection or hormonal imbalances where the colour, consistency and odour are changed. Abnormal discharge can be:

1. Thick and white

2. Gray or yellow with a fishy odour

3. Yellow or greenish with a bad odour

4. Bloodstained or brown

What causes the abnormal discharge?

Bacterial InfectionBacterial Vaginosis is a commonly occurring bacterial infection in the vagina. Bacterias occur naturally in the vaginal canal. They are part of vaginal flora. Periods, sex and soaps are the causative agents for bacterial growth. When the bacteria are in number, they cause itching, burning and swelling of the vulva. Vaginal discharge is yellowish and thin in consistency with a strong fishy odour. Periods, sex and soaps are the causative agents for bacterial growth. However, it is not sexually transmitted.

Yeast infection: Occurs due to overgrowth of the fungus. Vaginal discharge is white and thick in consistency. Severe itching and pain during sex occur. Swelling is also seen around the vulva. The likelihood of yeast infection increases during pregnancy, antibiotic therapy or improper hygiene.
Yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge is seen in a condition called Trichomoniasis. It occurs due to unprotected sex and can be transmitted sexually.

Bloodstained or brown discharge is seen in irregular menstrual cycles or can also be seen in endometrial cancer. Vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramps are also present.
Vaginal discharge is absent in girls before puberty. If the girl complains of vaginal discharge, it can be due to infection in the vulva.

The other conditions that can cause vaginal discharge are:

1. Oral contraceptive pills

2. Diabetes

3. Menopause

4. Douching, scented lotions or soaps.

5. Sexually transmitted infections

How can it be prevented?

Here are a few points that can help you maintain your vagina’s health and hygiene:

1. Never use any soap directly on the vagina. Regular soap damages the protective flora. Always invest in a good intimate wash that maintains the pH level.

2. Avoid any scented spray or lotion on the vaginal area.

3. Avoid wearing jeans or leggings that are too tight around that area.

4. Always use fresh tissues from front to back after peeing.

5. Avoid using scrubs and sponges in the vaginal area.

6. Always clean the area before and after intercourse.

7. Maintain proper menstrual hygiene. Change the sanitary pads at regular intervals.

What is the treatment for abnormal vaginal discharge?

The normal vaginal discharge does not require any treatment. Abnormal vaginal discharge can be treated by treating the root cause.
Mild cases can be treated by the application of anti-fungal ointment and washes. Oral antibiotics and probiotics can treat bacterial vaginosis.
Dr Amita Shah is the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon for advising treatment on potentially awkward topics like vaginal discharge. These infections can reoccur after a certain time. It is best to consult an expert every single time.

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