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Settle your Anxiety Know; What to expect in first trimester of pregnancy

Settle your Anxiety Know What to expect in first trimester of pregnancy

While pregnancy is the most joyful event in the life of a mother, the first trimester can be overwhelming for first-time mothers. The first three months are marked by an invisible but amazing transformation in the mother as well as the baby.

Nausea vomiting

trimester of pregnancy

The baby develops rapidly from a single cell to the embryo to 13 weeks when it has a fully developed heart with cardiac activity, brain, spinal cord and various other organs. Therefore it is essential to take the necessary medications like Folic acid and avoid unnecessary medications that you may already be on to avoid developmental anomalies in the baby.

The rapid hormonal changes with the onset of pregnancy bring about a lot of physiological and psychological changes in the mother’s body. Being aware of these changes and how to handle them makes you confident to face the first trimester

Nausea /vomiting

This is the most common problem faced by pregnant women and is also called as “Morning Sickness “, but it may happen at any time of the day. It happens because of the rising level of the hormone Progesterone during pregnancy, which slows down your digestive system leading to nausea.

To combat morning sickness, eat small frequent meals, avoid spicy food, drink plenty of fluids, and sip electrolyte drinks. Some home remedies can be to take dry toast, crackers, ginger or lemon ale.

Fatigue and Tiredness

Because of rising Progesterone levels, expectant mothers feel fatigued all the time. The nausea and vomiting, not being able to eat also depletes their energy reserves. To fight fatigue and tiredness, you need to take adequate rest and sleep well. Eating a nutritious diet and some form of exercise will also keep you energized.

Tender and Swollen Breast

Breast tenderness is the first sign of pregnancy, starting as early as 4-6 weeks of pregnancy and may last during the first trimester. It happens because of hormonal changes associated with pregnancy. As the hormones settle, breast tenderness also settles, however, changes in the size and structure of the breast keep happening in preparation for breastfeeding.

Food Craving and Aversions

It is fairly common to have cravings and aversions to specific food items. The hormone Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) doubles every few days during your first trimester. The rapid increase of this hormone in the body causes food aversions. Plus, the digestion process slows down during pregnancy, so some formerly appealing foods become intolerable.

You can always consult your doctor for other alternatives for food aversions to make sure your body is getting all the necessary nutrients.

Heartburn

The increased production of progesterone, the hormone that relaxes muscles in preparation for labour and birth, is the main reason behind heartburn, indigestion and acid reflux. Progesterone causes the valve at the top of the stomach to relax and allows stomach acid to flow into your oesophagus, causing heartburn.

To prevent heartburn, eat small, frequent meals and avoid fried or spicy foods, citrus fruits and chocolate. Also, avoid lying down after eating and don’t eat too close to bedtime so that your body has time to digest the food.

Constipation

A high level of progesterone in the body slows down digestion, less intake of fluids and inability to take a good diet because of nausea, vomiting leads to constipation. To combat this, take small frequent meals, a high-fibre diet and a lot of fluids.

Frequent Urination

Pregnant women need to use the washroom frequently and this is not limited to the first trimester only. This happens because of an increase in blood volume during pregnancy, causing the kidneys to filter more fluid. In the later half of pregnancy, it is because of the pressure on the bladder caused by the growing baby inside the uterus.

Doctor Profile

Dr Amita Shah is a leading gynaecologist in Gurgaon with vast experience in treating all major and minor female problems. She is the founder of ‘Global Women Clinic’ in Palam Vihar, Gurgaon. For more information or an appointment with Dr Amita Shah please call 9773975611

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Ankush Gaur
Ankush Gaur
2024-01-08
Excellent
Geeta Upadhyay
Geeta Upadhyay
2024-01-04
I would highly recommend Dr Amita Shah to anyone in need of a gynaecologist. She is incredibly professional and always takes care of her patients. I have never had an issue with her and she has always been very responsive to my needs. I would definitely recommend her to anyone in need of a gynaecologist!
Sandeep Ranga
Sandeep Ranga
2024-01-04
I had been suffering from severe pain and heavy bleeding for so many years.My ultrasound showed a large cyst in the uterus .All doctors had advised open surgery but Dr Amita Shah advised Laparoscopic surgery.Surgery was very smooth,I had no pain and my recovery was very fast.I am very thankful to Dr Amita Shah.She is a very skilled surgeon and very polite and gentle with her patients.Highly recommended for Laparoscopic surgery.
Parul
Parul
2023-12-28
I have made all the pregnancy visits to Dr. Amita Shah, and my end-to-end experience with her has been wonderful. I was someone who was absolutely terrified of needles, but with Dr. Amita Shah's constant guidance and good consultation, I could overcome a lot of my stress and worries related to delivery as well as during the pregnancy phase. Both the doctor and her clinic staff are helpful and amiable. She was all ears when it came to even the tiniest of details and issues, listened calmly and resolved all my issues. She was also constantly available via phone and WhatsApp to clear any doubts that popped up in my head in addition to the in-clinic visits where she eased my mind and resolved plenty of my concerns. At the time of my delivery, she offered complete mental support and her presence itself offered calmness to me. I highly recommend Dr. Amita Shah for her professionalism, empathy and supportive attitude. By God's grace, we are blessed with a baby girl in December, and I have been on the path to a smooth and fast recovery since then.
monika agarwal
monika agarwal
2023-12-13
My end to end experience with Dr. Amita Shah has been very amazing. I found her trustworthy in the very first visit. The medications very limited and She handled the emergency of water break very diligently and ensured safe delivery of my baby. She is calm, positive and considerate and will make your pregnancy journey beautifuI with no stress. I highly recommend Dr Amita Shah.
M Grewal
M Grewal
2023-12-11
I have been visiting Dr Amita for 11 years now. She has helped deliver my kids and then for few other concerns. She is very kind, empathetic, and very gentle. She understands and a great listener. Trust her completely.
Zoya Khan
Zoya Khan
2023-12-10
I consulted Dr Amita for my Scar Endometriosis, she not only understood my problem but at the same time explained the entire ailment in detail. She assisted me at every step, her calm demeanour and patience made it very comfortable for me. The best part was she was so approachable although the process. I became a fan of her the way she did my dressings, removed my drain pipe with no pain extremely softly, she has magic in her hands .The best gynaecologist I have ever met. God Bless her always. Thank you so much.
Suchismita Adhikari
Suchismita Adhikari
2023-12-05
Our experience with Dr Amita mam and her clinical expertise has been fabulous. Her staff, Ms Komal and Ms. Ashu are very kind and cooperative. Dr. Amita operated on my mother with such finnese. Explained each and every step in detail. She is a very good gynaecologist. Happy we found her to treat my mom.