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What you need to know about cervical cancer

What you need to know about cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women. Every woman must be aware of these disorders.

What Is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is a form of cancer that develops at the lower end of the uterus, where it meets the upper vagina, known as the uterine cervix. Due to a lack of access to screening and immunizations against human papillomaviruses, cervical cancer is a leading cause of death in women in the majority of underdeveloped countries (HPVs). Call and book your appointment with Dr.Amita Shah’s Global Women’s Clinic.

cervical cancer

Cervical Cancer Causes

Long-term infection with one of the papillomaviruses is the most common cause of cervical cancer (HPV). HPV infection is frequent, although not all cases of HPV infection result in cancer. There are over 100 different forms of HPV, and just a few of them have been related to cancer. Other HPV kinds, on the other hand, typically generate benign warts on the genitals or skin. High-risk In men, HPV has been linked to cervical and penile malignancies.

Cervical Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Cervical cancer may not produce any symptoms at all, especially in its early stages. When cancer cells begin to attack surrounding tissues, symptoms may occur. Abnormal vaginal bleeding, longer or heavier menstrual periods than usual, vaginal bleeding after sex, pain during sexual intercourse, and other abnormal vaginal discharge are some of the indications and symptoms.

about cervical cancer

Risk factors

Some risk factors, however, may enhance the likelihood of acquiring cervical cancer. These are some examples:


  • HPV: This is a virus that is spread by sexual contact. There are about 100 different strains of HPV, at least 13 of which can cause cervical cancer.
  • Cigarette smoking: This raises the risk of cervical cancer and other forms.
  • A compromised immune system: People with HIV or AIDS, as well as those who have had a transplant, are more likely to develop cervical cancer, which necessitates the use of immunosuppressive drugs.
  • Birth control medications: Long-term usage of several common contraceptive pills boosts a woman’s risk marginally. Other sexually transmitted infections (STDs) that raise the risk of cervical cancer include Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis.
  • Socioeconomic status: Rates appear to be greater in low-income communities.

What Are the Different Stages of Cervical Cancer?

The stage of any cancer refers to how far it has spread in the body at the time of diagnosis. Cancer staging is important in selecting the optimal treatment option.

Cervical cancer progresses through the following stages:

  • 0th stage: The malignancy is not yet completely invasive at this stage. As with CIN 3, the abnormal cells are only on the cervix’s surface. This stage is known as carcinoma in situ (CIS).
  • Stage I: A small amount of tumour is present but has not migrated to any lymph nodes or distant places.
  • Cancer has spread beyond the cervix and uterus but has not penetrated the pelvic walls or the lower region of the vagina.
  • Stage III: cancer has spread to the pelvic walls or the lower region of the vagina. A tumour could be obstructing the urethras. However, it has not spread to other parts of the body.
  • Stage IVThe most advanced stage, in which cancer has spread to other parts of the body such as the bladder and rectum.

cervical cancer Stagging

Treatment for cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is often treatable if detected early. The four primary therapies are as follows:

  • (i). surgery
  • (ii). ionizing radiation treatment
  • (iii). chemotherapy
  • (iv). specialised treatment

These therapies are sometimes combined to improve their efficacy.


The goal of surgery is to remove as much cancer as possible. The doctor may be able to remove only the portion of the cervix containing cancer cells. For more advanced cancers, surgery may include the removal of the cervix and other pelvic organs.

Radiation treatment

Using high-energy X-ray beams, radiation kills cancer cells. It can be administered by a machine located outside the body. It can also be given from within the body by inserting a metal tube into the uterus or vagina.


Chemotherapy is a treatment that employs chemicals to kill cancer cells throughout the body. This treatment is administered by doctors in cycles. You will be subjected to chemo for a length of time. You will then discontinue treatment to allow your body to recuperate.


Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a newer medication that operates differently than chemotherapy and radiation. It prevents the formation of new blood vessels, which aid in the growth and survival of cancer. This medication is frequently administered in conjunction with chemotherapy.

Surgery for cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is treated using a variety of surgical techniques. Which one your doctor advises is determined by the extent of the cancer’s spread.

  • (i). Cryosurgery uses a probe implanted in the cervix to freeze cancer cells.
  • (ii). A laser beam is used in laser surgery to burn away aberrant cells.
  • (iii). Conization is the surgical removal of a cone-shaped piece of the cervix with a surgical knife, laser, or electrically heated thin wire.
  • (iv). The entire uterus and cervix are removed during a hysterectomy. A radical hysterectomy is performed when the top of the vagina is also removed.
  • (v). Trachelectomy removes the cervix and the top of the vagina, but leaves the uterus in situ, allowing a woman to conceive children later on.
  • (vi). Depending on where cancer has spread, pelvic exenteration may include the removal of the uterus, vagina, bladder, rectum, lymph nodes, and a portion of the colon.

Cervical Cancer Prevention

Cervical cancer can be avoided with vaccination and the use of advanced screening procedures that detect precancerous alterations in the cervix. Gardasil and Gardasil 9 vaccines are available to protect against HPV, which causes cervical cancer. In addition, Pap testing to detect precancerous alterations that can be treated before they proceed to malignancy has lowered the number of incidences of cervical cancer in the developed world. Schedule your appointment today with Dr. Amita Shah who is the best gynae for women-uterine fibroids.

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Ankush Gaur
Ankush Gaur
Geeta Upadhyay
Geeta Upadhyay
I would highly recommend Dr Amita Shah to anyone in need of a gynaecologist. She is incredibly professional and always takes care of her patients. I have never had an issue with her and she has always been very responsive to my needs. I would definitely recommend her to anyone in need of a gynaecologist!
Sandeep Ranga
Sandeep Ranga
I had been suffering from severe pain and heavy bleeding for so many years.My ultrasound showed a large cyst in the uterus .All doctors had advised open surgery but Dr Amita Shah advised Laparoscopic surgery.Surgery was very smooth,I had no pain and my recovery was very fast.I am very thankful to Dr Amita Shah.She is a very skilled surgeon and very polite and gentle with her patients.Highly recommended for Laparoscopic surgery.
I have made all the pregnancy visits to Dr. Amita Shah, and my end-to-end experience with her has been wonderful. I was someone who was absolutely terrified of needles, but with Dr. Amita Shah's constant guidance and good consultation, I could overcome a lot of my stress and worries related to delivery as well as during the pregnancy phase. Both the doctor and her clinic staff are helpful and amiable. She was all ears when it came to even the tiniest of details and issues, listened calmly and resolved all my issues. She was also constantly available via phone and WhatsApp to clear any doubts that popped up in my head in addition to the in-clinic visits where she eased my mind and resolved plenty of my concerns. At the time of my delivery, she offered complete mental support and her presence itself offered calmness to me. I highly recommend Dr. Amita Shah for her professionalism, empathy and supportive attitude. By God's grace, we are blessed with a baby girl in December, and I have been on the path to a smooth and fast recovery since then.
monika agarwal
monika agarwal
My end to end experience with Dr. Amita Shah has been very amazing. I found her trustworthy in the very first visit. The medications very limited and She handled the emergency of water break very diligently and ensured safe delivery of my baby. She is calm, positive and considerate and will make your pregnancy journey beautifuI with no stress. I highly recommend Dr Amita Shah.
M Grewal
M Grewal
I have been visiting Dr Amita for 11 years now. She has helped deliver my kids and then for few other concerns. She is very kind, empathetic, and very gentle. She understands and a great listener. Trust her completely.
Zoya Khan
Zoya Khan
I consulted Dr Amita for my Scar Endometriosis, she not only understood my problem but at the same time explained the entire ailment in detail. She assisted me at every step, her calm demeanour and patience made it very comfortable for me. The best part was she was so approachable although the process. I became a fan of her the way she did my dressings, removed my drain pipe with no pain extremely softly, she has magic in her hands .The best gynaecologist I have ever met. God Bless her always. Thank you so much.
Suchismita Adhikari
Suchismita Adhikari
Our experience with Dr Amita mam and her clinical expertise has been fabulous. Her staff, Ms Komal and Ms. Ashu are very kind and cooperative. Dr. Amita operated on my mother with such finnese. Explained each and every step in detail. She is a very good gynaecologist. Happy we found her to treat my mom.