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Cervical Cancer – Prevention is better than cure

Cervical Cancer Prevention is better than cure

January is Cervical Cancer Prevention Month, which is a great time to discuss HPV ( Human Papilloma Virus ), how it causes this cancer, what are the signs and symptoms, how can we diagnose it at the earliest and what are the prevention strategies. It is heartening to know that this is the only cancer that is easily preventable by early screening and vaccination.

Cervical Cancer


Let us understand this by answering a few frequently asked questions:

1 – What is cervix?

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus or the mouth of the uterus which opens in the vagina or the birth canal.

2 – What is Cervical Cancer?

Cancer is a disease in which cells start growing irrationally. Cancer of the cervix is called Cervical Cancer. It is easily detected by early screening tests called Pap Smear.

3 – What causes Cervical Cancer?

Cervical Cancer is caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is commonly spread through sexual contact. Once it enters the cells of the cervix, it alters the morphology of the cells, leading to precancerous cells, which if not treated lead to cancer.

4 – What puts me at risk of getting Cervical Cancer?

All women are at risk of getting Cervical Cancer. But certain factors that increase your risk are

  • Smoking
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Having given birth to 3 or more children
  • Having HIV or other immuno-compromised condition

5 – What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?

In the early stages, cervical cancer may be asymptomatic. But sometimes, it may present with

  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Intermittent spotting
  • Bleeding post intercourse
  • Foul-smelling discharge from the vagina

6 – What Should I do to find out if I am at Risk of Cervical Cancer?

Screening is the key word and what is most important is regular Screening. This is done by

  • PAP smear this is a simple test and should be done for all sexually active women every year. This can be done during your routine visit to the Gynaecologist. Cells are scraped from the cervix and examined for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells.
  • LBC this is a more advanced PAP smear where we also test for the presence of the HPV virus in the cells of the cervix. It identifies women who are at high risk and need treatment.
  • Colposcopy This is a visual inspection of the cervix under magnification.

    7 – What can I do to prevent Cervical Cancer?

  • Get a regular Pap Smear
  • Get HPV testing if you are at high Risk
  • Avoid Multiple Sexual Partners
  • Quit Smoking
  • Use Condoms during sex
  • Get HPV vaccine

8 – What is the Vaccination available and who should take it?

Cervical Cancer is the only cancer against which vaccine is available. There are two types of vaccine available- Cervarix and Gardasil. All women in the age group 11-40 years are recommended to take the vaccine. The earlier the vaccine is taken, the better it is as it produces a greater number of antibodies.

Dr Amita Shah is one of the very senior gynaecologists in Gurgaon. She has more than 25 years of experience working at the top positions in some of the best hospitals in Gurgaon. Dr Amita Shah is the Director at Global Women’s Clinic, Palam Vihar Gurgaon. For more information, call now at 9773975611.

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Ankush Gaur
Ankush Gaur
Geeta Upadhyay
Geeta Upadhyay
I would highly recommend Dr Amita Shah to anyone in need of a gynaecologist. She is incredibly professional and always takes care of her patients. I have never had an issue with her and she has always been very responsive to my needs. I would definitely recommend her to anyone in need of a gynaecologist!
Sandeep Ranga
Sandeep Ranga
I had been suffering from severe pain and heavy bleeding for so many years.My ultrasound showed a large cyst in the uterus .All doctors had advised open surgery but Dr Amita Shah advised Laparoscopic surgery.Surgery was very smooth,I had no pain and my recovery was very fast.I am very thankful to Dr Amita Shah.She is a very skilled surgeon and very polite and gentle with her patients.Highly recommended for Laparoscopic surgery.
I have made all the pregnancy visits to Dr. Amita Shah, and my end-to-end experience with her has been wonderful. I was someone who was absolutely terrified of needles, but with Dr. Amita Shah's constant guidance and good consultation, I could overcome a lot of my stress and worries related to delivery as well as during the pregnancy phase. Both the doctor and her clinic staff are helpful and amiable. She was all ears when it came to even the tiniest of details and issues, listened calmly and resolved all my issues. She was also constantly available via phone and WhatsApp to clear any doubts that popped up in my head in addition to the in-clinic visits where she eased my mind and resolved plenty of my concerns. At the time of my delivery, she offered complete mental support and her presence itself offered calmness to me. I highly recommend Dr. Amita Shah for her professionalism, empathy and supportive attitude. By God's grace, we are blessed with a baby girl in December, and I have been on the path to a smooth and fast recovery since then.
monika agarwal
monika agarwal
My end to end experience with Dr. Amita Shah has been very amazing. I found her trustworthy in the very first visit. The medications very limited and She handled the emergency of water break very diligently and ensured safe delivery of my baby. She is calm, positive and considerate and will make your pregnancy journey beautifuI with no stress. I highly recommend Dr Amita Shah.
M Grewal
M Grewal
I have been visiting Dr Amita for 11 years now. She has helped deliver my kids and then for few other concerns. She is very kind, empathetic, and very gentle. She understands and a great listener. Trust her completely.
Zoya Khan
Zoya Khan
I consulted Dr Amita for my Scar Endometriosis, she not only understood my problem but at the same time explained the entire ailment in detail. She assisted me at every step, her calm demeanour and patience made it very comfortable for me. The best part was she was so approachable although the process. I became a fan of her the way she did my dressings, removed my drain pipe with no pain extremely softly, she has magic in her hands .The best gynaecologist I have ever met. God Bless her always. Thank you so much.
Suchismita Adhikari
Suchismita Adhikari
Our experience with Dr Amita mam and her clinical expertise has been fabulous. Her staff, Ms Komal and Ms. Ashu are very kind and cooperative. Dr. Amita operated on my mother with such finnese. Explained each and every step in detail. She is a very good gynaecologist. Happy we found her to treat my mom.