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Breast Cancer – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Breast cancer symptoms, causes, treatment

What exactly is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women and, after lung cancer, the second leading cause of death among women. For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita Shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon. Breast cancer is characterised by the abnormal development of cells lining the breast lobules or ducts. These cells proliferate at an alarming rate and have the potential to move to other places in the body. Breast cancer may affect both men and women, however it is more frequent in women. For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita Shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon.
Breast cancer

Symptoms of breast cancer

Some patients have no symptoms and the cancer is discovered through a screening mammography or a doctor’s physical examination.

New lumps or thickening in the breast, particularly in one breast nipple sores, change in form of the nipple discharge or turn in changes in the size or shape of the breast skin of the breast dimpling pain or swelling in the armpit rash or red swollen breasts. Continuous discomfort that is unrelated to your menstrual cycle, lasts beyond your period and affects just one breast. For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita Shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon.

Breast cancer causes

Some risk factors for breast cancer include growing age, family history, and inheritance of mutations in the genes BRCA2, BRCA1 (particularly frequent in Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry), and CHEK2. Exposure to female hormones is also a risk factor (natural and administered)

a prior breast cancer diagnosis a history of certain non-cancerous breast diseases beginning your period before the age of 12

Being overweight, not getting enough physical exercise, and consuming alcohol are all risk factors for breast cancer in both men and women.

There is a link between certain benign breast illnesses and prior radiation exposure

Breast cancer diagnosis

Breast cancer diagnostic tests may include:

1. Examination of the body.

2. If you detect any changes in your breasts or if mammography reveals anything abnormal, your doctor will undertake a physical exam, inspecting both breasts as well as the lymph nodes above your collarbone and your arms. Your doctor will also inquire about your medical history as well as any family history of breast cancer.

3. A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray that may detect changes that are too tiny to detect during a physical examination. Before having a mammography, you should notify the personnel if you have breast implants.

4. Ultrasound- If mammography detects breast alterations, an ultrasound may be performed. This is a non-invasive scan that uses sound waves to create an image of your breast.

5. Biopsy- If breast cancer is suspected, a doctor will take part of the breast tissue for evaluation under a microscope by a pathologist.

Various other scans

1. If cancer is found in your breast, you may need further scans, such as a CT scan or an MRI, to determine if the disease has spread to other regions of your body.

2. Following a breast cancer diagnosis

3. You may be astonished, frightened, scared, or bewildered after learning you have breast cancer. These are typical reactions. Talk to your doctor, family, and friends about your treatment choices. Look for as much information as you can. It is entirely up to you how engaged you want to be in treatment choices.

Cancer

Breast cancer treatment

Treatment is determined by the degree of the malignancy.

Staging

Staging entails determining the extent of the breast cancer and if it has progressed to the lymph nodes under the arm. To determine the locations to which breast tumours most usually spread, a CT scan of the chest, liver, and bone is performed.

Surgery

The most invasive surgical treatment for localised breast cancer is to remove the breast and lymph nodes beneath the arm. Breast-conserving surgery, often known as a lumpectomy, is performed when a portion of the breast is removed. After breast-conserving surgery, radiotherapy is usually advised.
A mastectomy is when the whole breast is removed.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy may be given before surgery to help reduce the cancer, if the risk of cancer returning is high, or if the cancer returns after surgery or radiation treatment. If the malignancy is HER2 positive or does not respond to hormone treatment, it may also be employed.

Radiation treatment (radiotherapy)

After breast-conserving surgery, radiation treatment (radiotherapy) is suggested to help eradicate any undiagnosed cancer. It is also advised if lymph nodes were removed from beneath the arm there is a chance that the malignancy may return. If there is a chance of the cancer returning to the chest region following a mastectomy, radiation treatment may be employed. Hormone therapy may also be used.

Hormone treatment

Hormone treatment is the use of medications to lower the levels of female hormones in the body. This aids in the prevention or slowing of the development of hormone receptor-positive cancer cells. The kind of hormone treatment you get will be determined by your age, the type of breast cancer you have, and whether or not you have reached menopause.

Medicine

Drugs that target particular targets inside cancer cells are known as targeted therapies. The medications now available are exclusively effective against HER2-positive breast cancer.

Palliative care

In certain situations of breast cancer, your medical team may discuss palliative care with you. Palliative care tries to enhance your quality of life by reducing cancer symptoms.
Palliative care may ease pain and assist manage other symptoms in addition to reducing the progression of breast cancer. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and other pharmacological treatments may be used in treatment.

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Ankush Gaur
Ankush Gaur
2024-01-08
Excellent
Geeta Upadhyay
Geeta Upadhyay
2024-01-04
I would highly recommend Dr Amita Shah to anyone in need of a gynaecologist. She is incredibly professional and always takes care of her patients. I have never had an issue with her and she has always been very responsive to my needs. I would definitely recommend her to anyone in need of a gynaecologist!
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2024-01-04
I had been suffering from severe pain and heavy bleeding for so many years.My ultrasound showed a large cyst in the uterus .All doctors had advised open surgery but Dr Amita Shah advised Laparoscopic surgery.Surgery was very smooth,I had no pain and my recovery was very fast.I am very thankful to Dr Amita Shah.She is a very skilled surgeon and very polite and gentle with her patients.Highly recommended for Laparoscopic surgery.
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Parul
2023-12-28
I have made all the pregnancy visits to Dr. Amita Shah, and my end-to-end experience with her has been wonderful. I was someone who was absolutely terrified of needles, but with Dr. Amita Shah's constant guidance and good consultation, I could overcome a lot of my stress and worries related to delivery as well as during the pregnancy phase. Both the doctor and her clinic staff are helpful and amiable. She was all ears when it came to even the tiniest of details and issues, listened calmly and resolved all my issues. She was also constantly available via phone and WhatsApp to clear any doubts that popped up in my head in addition to the in-clinic visits where she eased my mind and resolved plenty of my concerns. At the time of my delivery, she offered complete mental support and her presence itself offered calmness to me. I highly recommend Dr. Amita Shah for her professionalism, empathy and supportive attitude. By God's grace, we are blessed with a baby girl in December, and I have been on the path to a smooth and fast recovery since then.
monika agarwal
monika agarwal
2023-12-13
My end to end experience with Dr. Amita Shah has been very amazing. I found her trustworthy in the very first visit. The medications very limited and She handled the emergency of water break very diligently and ensured safe delivery of my baby. She is calm, positive and considerate and will make your pregnancy journey beautifuI with no stress. I highly recommend Dr Amita Shah.
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M Grewal
2023-12-11
I have been visiting Dr Amita for 11 years now. She has helped deliver my kids and then for few other concerns. She is very kind, empathetic, and very gentle. She understands and a great listener. Trust her completely.
Zoya Khan
Zoya Khan
2023-12-10
I consulted Dr Amita for my Scar Endometriosis, she not only understood my problem but at the same time explained the entire ailment in detail. She assisted me at every step, her calm demeanour and patience made it very comfortable for me. The best part was she was so approachable although the process. I became a fan of her the way she did my dressings, removed my drain pipe with no pain extremely softly, she has magic in her hands .The best gynaecologist I have ever met. God Bless her always. Thank you so much.
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Suchismita Adhikari
2023-12-05
Our experience with Dr Amita mam and her clinical expertise has been fabulous. Her staff, Ms Komal and Ms. Ashu are very kind and cooperative. Dr. Amita operated on my mother with such finnese. Explained each and every step in detail. She is a very good gynaecologist. Happy we found her to treat my mom.